Biosafety management and commercial use of genetically modified crops in China
Li, Yunhe1; Peng, Yufa1; Hallerman, Eric M.2; Wu, Kongming1
2014
发表期刊PLANT CELL REPORTS
ISSN0721-7714
卷号33期号:4页码:565-573
摘要As a developing country with relatively limited arable land, China is making great efforts for development and use of genetically modified (GM) crops to boost agricultural productivity. Many GM crop varieties have been developed in China in recent years; in particular, China is playing a leading role in development of insect-resistant GM rice lines. To ensure the safe use of GM crops, biosafety risk assessments are required as an important part of the regulatory oversight of such products. With over 20 years of nationwide promotion of agricultural biotechnology, a relatively well-developed regulatory system for risk assessment and management of GM plants has been developed that establishes a firm basis for safe use of GM crops. So far, a total of seven GM crops involving ten events have been approved for commercial planting, and 5 GM crops with a total of 37 events have been approved for import as processing material in China. However, currently only insect-resistant Bt cotton and disease-resistant papaya have been commercially planted on a large scale. The planting of Bt cotton and disease-resistant papaya have provided efficient protection against cotton bollworms and Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV), respectively. As a consequence, chemical application to these crops has been significantly reduced, enhancing farm income while reducing human and non-target organism exposure to toxic chemicals. This article provides useful information for the colleagues, in particular for them whose mother tongue is not Chinese, to clearly understand the biosafety regulation and commercial use of genetically modified crops in China.
关键词Genetically modified crop Biosafety regulation Environmental risk assessment Ecological impact Bt cotton
学科领域Plant Sciences ; Plant Sciences
DOI10.1007/s00299-014-1567-x
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000334276000004
出版者SPRINGER
nyguidbef29e6b-3bc1-4384-abc9-b483b2adf329
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.nais.net.cn/handle/2HMLN22E/264287
专题植物保护研究所_功能基因组学与基因安全研究室
院机关
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Inst Plant Protect, State Key Lab Biol Plant Dis & Insect Pests, Beijing 100193, Peoples R China;
2.Virginia Polytech Inst & State Univ, Dept Fisheries & Wildlife Conservat, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA
第一作者单位植物保护研究所
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GB/T 7714
Li, Yunhe,Peng, Yufa,Hallerman, Eric M.,et al. Biosafety management and commercial use of genetically modified crops in China[J]. PLANT CELL REPORTS,2014,33(4):565-573.
APA Li, Yunhe,Peng, Yufa,Hallerman, Eric M.,&Wu, Kongming.(2014).Biosafety management and commercial use of genetically modified crops in China.PLANT CELL REPORTS,33(4),565-573.
MLA Li, Yunhe,et al."Biosafety management and commercial use of genetically modified crops in China".PLANT CELL REPORTS 33.4(2014):565-573.
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